Frequently Asked Questions

Is C4 Space a recruiting firm?

We require a specialist in … How soon can you provide them?

How do you maintain confidentiality and security with the space organisations you work with?

International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) FAQ

 

Is C4 Space a recruiting firm?

C4 Space is not a recruiting firm. While recruiting is not beyond our capacity, we specialise in providing experienced contractors and consultants for specific projects within the Australian space sector. We bring solutions to critical project needs by providing technical and professional space experts on a temporary basis. This support is advantageous in that it can assist companies during surges in workload, help overcome the unexpected, and solve demanding challenges that can make or break a project.

For the Australian workforce, contract work brings mobility and dynamic, varied experience that serves to heighten expertise and enrich workforce capacity. Contracted space experts also have more flexibility in determining the type and time periods of their work.

We are also not a ‘body shop’—a term that is derogatory to the contractor workforce and represents an ethos not reflected by C4’s policies. C4 Space is people-centred, meaning our priority is to take good care of the people we work with. This means maintaining good communication, providing a supportive network, promoting training and industry events, and actively seeking opportunities for meaningful, engaging, and rewarding work. We believe this people-centred approach is essential for the healthy growth of the Australian space sector, which includes the positive development of our national reputation globally.

In addition to providing space experts for hire, we provide technical consultation services, project auxiliary support, and industry training. This demonstrates that our focus is not recruitment, but delivering on projects through a range of space-specialised support services.

 

We require a specialist in … How soon can you provide them?

That depends on the specialist required. C4 Space has a number of specialists available for consultation through our inhouse staff (see details of our capabilities here). Send us the details of your requirement and we can advise on their availability.

If you require a specialist or a team for contract work (for periods from 3 months to 4 years, or more), we can source, screen, and assess experienced space personnel from large national and international databases, whom you can then review, select, and engage on a contract basis. This selection and engagement process typically takes between 2 weeks (national candidates) and 4 weeks (international candidates).

 

How do you maintain confidentiality and security with the space organisations you work with?

To ensure confidentiality and security in our operations, we apply the following practices:

1. We embed non-disclosure agreements (NDAs) within employment contracts and subcontracts to impose confidentially obligations on our staff, suppliers, clients, and subcontractors;

2. The data we collect throughout our operations is stored under controlled access;

3. Our network and computers use an end-to-end encrypted cloud storage platform with USA, EU/UK GDPR, and Canadian compliance built-in to ensure only C4 can access the data; and

4. We maintain good security practices and up-to-date technology.

We also screen potential candidates in accordance with the AS 4811–2006 Australian Standard Employment Screening, which includes checks for identification, criminal record, character reference, address, qualifications, and security clearance. Australian Citizenship checks can be performed where required and we can arrange AGSVA Security Clearances for Baseline, NV1, and NV2 clearance.

 

International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) FAQ

Disclaimer: C4 Space has developed the following information through an independent legal expert who specialises in ITAR, in order to address questions our clients or suppliers may have regarding our operations. The following is to be used as a guide only and is in no way an authoritative statement from the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, or any other U.S. Government department or representative. C4 Space or its associated parties will not be held liable for any action taken that is based upon this information. For authoritative information on ITAR, please refer to the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls website.

 

1.1 ITAR Background

For ITAR to apply, the activity or item concerned must be of a kind listed on the United States Munitions List (USML).

The USML (part 121 of the ITAR) lists articles, services, and related technical data that are designated as defense articles or defense services pursuant to sections 38 and 47(7) of the Arms Export Control Act.

ITAR dictates that defence material or services may only be shared with non-U.S. persons when authorization from the Department of State is received (usually via a Technical Assistance Agreement, TAA) or a special exemption is used for it to be exported.

The USML changes and is updated regularly, so it is prudent to check the online USML.

ITAR however does not apply to information related to general scientific, mathematical, or engineering principles that are commonly taught in schools and colleges or information that is in the public domain. Nor does it apply to general marketing information or basic system descriptions.

 

1.2 What is an Export?

An export for the purposes of ITAR does not require the ITAR material to leave the U.S. It merely has to be given to a foreign person who is not authorised to receive it. This can be done via email, electronic document exchange, posting the material on a website or physically handing an ITAR item over.

foreign person is any person who is not a lawful permanent resident of the United States.

 

1.3 How does ITAR apply for U.S. persons working with Australian entities?

Generally speaking, if a U.S. person is performing a defense service (defined in ITAR 120.9) for a foreign person they would be subject to the ITAR.

A U.S. person can be:

    • a U.S. citizen;
    • a permanent resident (of the U.S.) who does not work for a foreign company, a foreign government, or a foreign governmental agency or organisation;
    • a part of the U.S. government, or
    • a corporation, business, organization, or group that is incorporated in the United States under U.S. law.

 

1.4 Questions/Answers (U.S. persons)

How does ITAR apply for U.S. persons relocated to Australia (or working remotely) for C4 Space as contractors for our clients?

If they are a U.S. person performing a defence service it is irrelevant where they are located or working. They cannot export ITAR material without authorisation. If the client is authorised to receive ITAR material they would be fine.

How does ITAR apply for a U.S. person employed by C4 Space and engaged in training activities for our staff or for our clients, with the trainer either facilitating training remotely or from within Australia?

This would depend on what the training material is comprised of. ITAR does not apply to information related to general scientific, mathematical or engineering principles commonly taught in schools and colleges or information that is in the public domain.

If the information is related to defence purposes, then ITAR would apply. Where the trainer is located is irrelevant, although if they are not employed by a U.S. company their employer must be eligible to receive ITAR material.

 

1.5 How does International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) apply for non-U.S. persons working with Australian entities?

Australian citizens or Five-Eyes nationals who are bona fide employees of an Australian company licenced to receive ITAR material (by being party to a Technical Assistance Agreement – TAA) would normally be eligible.

Also eligible are bona fide employees of Australian companies of any nationality who hold an Australian (AGSVA issued) Security Clearance.

Dual nationals or foreign nationals employed by an Australian company who are not security cleared must be screened in accordance with ITAR 126.18.

Foreign nationals (including organisations) can face heavy fines if they have, without authorization or the use of an exemption, provided foreign persons with access to ITAR-protected defense articles, services or technical data.

 

1.6 Questions/Answers (non-U.S. persons)

How does ITAR apply for U.S. persons employed as staff by C4 space on a defense article or service, either remotely or within Australia?

In this case C4 Space itself must be authorised to obtain ITAR material by being a party to a TAA facilitated by a U.S-based organisation. All staff then need to be eligible to receive ITAR material.

How does ITAR apply for C4 Space staff visiting the U.S. and working with U.S.-based clients or suppliers on a defense article or service?

C4 Space itself must be authorised to obtain ITAR material. The staff in question then need to be eligible to receive ITAR material.

 

Last updated 14 April 2022.

FAQ Home